Bhagavan Sri Rama's Kartavyas (precepts) as a Raja

Bhagavan Sri Rama's Kartavyas (precepts) as a Raja

Rama had once taught Lakshmana about the kartavyas (duties) of a raja.

The kartavyas of a raja are foretold. Firstly, he has to earn wealth. Secondly, he has to increase it. Thirdly, he has to protect it. And fourthly and finally, he has to donate it. As a raja one should be having adequate amount of wealth otherwise it will be difficult for the smooth running of the nation. Also it should be kept in dhyanam (mind) that the wealth segregation should be in correct manner, that is should be according to the Dharma. No raja should segregate money by force or by giving pain to his subjects, to his people. A raja should be neetavanta (good manner). A raja should be protect the wealth. Raja should foresee the problems, that is, about his enemies. If an enemy raja attacks his rajyam for the same wealth, then the raja should be capable of defending it. A raja should be able to save his wealth, otherwise the enemy will easily enter into the house and will steal all the wealth and will get away easily. A raja should be wise enough to save the wealth. Mainly the raja should donate the same wealth to his subjects, to his people, to his beloved, to the needs, to the poor, otherwise what is the use of segregating so much of money. A raja should be ready with good amount of money when his rajyam is in bad condition, that is, when his rajyam may hit by some natural calamity. Then at that situation the raja should be having enough money, wealth so that he can look after his subjects by donating food, clothes, water, shelter, medicines and other required things otherwise what is the use of a raja if he doesn't takes care of his own people, his own subjects.

The raja must also be susamkruta (polite) and must be of shishttacharyavaadi which comes through the jayam (conquer) of the indriyas (senses). The raja must be of nambrata (humble) swabhava-vaadi. The indriyas are like mad gajas (elephants). If the indriyas are pampered, like mad gajas, they trample shisttacharyas and nambrata (humility) underfoot. A raja should not have ahankaara. If he has ahankaara or aham then a raja will lose his indriyas and won't be able to take correct decisions. An single elephant is not good for a rajyam or to the subjects of the raja or to the poor. A ahankaaravaadi raja would never be a confident person. That raja cannot be a dharmishtta (righteous person).

The raja must also be ahimsaavaadi (non-violent), satyabhushana (truthful person), shuddhha (clean) and kshamavaadi (forgiving). He should take care to observe all the aacharanas (rituals). He should give annam (food) to those who are poor, he should protect those who seek rajya rakshana (royal protection). He should always use shabdaas (words) that are pleasant to hear. The body is here today and gone tomorrow. Stupid is the king who deviates from the path of dharma (righteouness) to give pleasure to a body that is transient. The curses of unhappy people are enough to bring down a raja.

There is only one difference between devas (gods) and praanis (animals). Devas use pleasant words, while praanis use rough words. The king must use pleasant shabdaas (words) like a devas. And he must use pleasant shabdaas not only for those who are his friends or who are good, but also, for those who are his shatrus (enemies) or are dushttas (evil). With obeisance the king pleases his guru, with good behaviour the dharma, with kartavyas the devas, with prema to the sevakas and with alms those who are inferior, poor and needy.

The kingdom has sapta (seven) ghatakas (components). These are the raja, the mantries (ministers), the mitras (friends), the khajaanavaadi (treasurer), the sainya (army), the forts and the desham (country/state) itself. Of these, the most important is the desham and it has to be preserved at all costs. The king must be extremely careful in the choice of the mantries and the raajya guru (royal guru). The raja must not choose or consult mantries who are stupid or idiots or bhrashttacharis (corrupted) people.

The raja's swabhavas (signs) are his golden rod or scepter and an umbrella that is held over his head in the ratha (chariot). The umbrella should be made of the feathers of pakshis (birds) like hamsas (swans), peacocks or cranes, but the feathers of different types of pakshis should not be mixed in the same umbrella. The simhaasana (throne) should be made of wood and should be embellished with svarna (gold). A bow can be made of iron, horn or wood. The best bow is one that extends over four armlengths. The raja can spend upto one year’s tax revenue on armaments and flags.



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